The Voyeurism (Offences) Bill was stopped in its tracks when Christchurch MP Sir Christopher Chope objected to it being given a second reading in the Commons.
The bill, which was proposed by Liberal Democrat MP Wera Hobhouse and supported by ministers, was expected to get the nod through the Commons on Friday.
Blocking its progress only requires one MP to shout “object” when the title of a private member’s bill is read out.
Cries of “shame” could be heard after Sir Christopher’s intervention.
It will be debated next on 6 July.
Ms Hobhouse told Sky News it was a “petty thing to do”.
“I think it’s very frustrating and annoying that one MP can block a consensus that had been built over several months,” she said.
“It’s really annoying we couldn’t make progress.”
She added that “every month matters”, pointing out festival season was approaching.
Upskirting victim Gina Martin, 26, launched the campaign after two men took a picture up her skirt while at a festival in 2017.
Victims of upskirting have been found to be as young as 10 years old.
Currently, victims in England and Wales are forced to seek prosecution through other legal avenues, such as outraging public decency or harassment.
A specific law against upskirting already exists in Scotland.