Shaun Walmsley escaped last February during a visit to Aintree University Hospital in Merseyside from HMP Walton.
Armed officers stopped a car in Harehills, Leeds, on Tuesday and arrested the prisoner.
The 29-year-old was helped to escape last year when two people armed with a knife and a gun confronted prison guards outside the hospital and fled with Walmsley in a gold Volvo.
Walmsley was serving a life sentence with a minimum term of 30 years for murdering drugs gang rival Anthony Duffy in 2014.
He has been charged with escape from lawful custody and will appear at Liverpool and Knowsley Magistrates Court today.
Walmsley featured on Sky News’ “One Day of Crime” earlier this month.
We revealed a reward of £20,000 was on offer for information leading to the apprehension of the prisoner and his return to jail.
Officers were considering the possibility that Walmsley could be elsewhere in the UK or may have fled abroad.
They described him as dangerous and asked members of the public to not approach him.